There are many sacred sites in the Otavalo area, the most important being what is now known as “the Lechero”.  What happened to the great temples that were once located on these sites?  Little remains as proof except the geographical positions.
The Ancients of Otavalo carved great canals into the mountainsides to direct and funnel water to specific areas during rainy seasons.  Sr. Hernan Castro speculates and theorizes in yet another excerpt from our video collaboration . 
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My present video project is a study of an advanced civilization living in the Otavalo Valley long before the arrival of the Incas or the Spanish.  The basis of the culture  was the production of Maize, that is, the sacred plant of Corn, as explained by Sr. Hernan Castro.
And yet another excerpt from a video project collaboration with the knowledgeable Hernan Castro, Otavalan historian.   Sr. Castro points out examples in the Quechua language that reflect the origins of the culture of Maize in Otavalo. 
As we began our research for this video we were shocked to discover that a major Tola, that is, a Sacred Ceremonial Site, in the center of Otavalo was being systematically destroyed  to build a house.  Sadly, no one was concerned, not even city hall.
More from Sr. Hernan Castro about the culture of Maize and how the American civilization of the past revolved around its cultivation.  As we celebrate the Dia de Difuntos, Sr. Hernan speaks of the significance of Maize during these rituals. 
The Ali Shungu Foundation was formed to improve the Health, Education and general Welfare of the people of five Indigenous communities.
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  The Culture of Maize                         
Now that the maize has been harvested it is once again time to prepare the fields for planting corn and beans in September.    The indigenous farmers of Otavalo continue to plow and hoe the earth by hand or with oxen.  Tractors are for rent, but very expensive.
This is the time of year for the third harvest of corn planted last October.  Maize is still a very important factor in the lives of the Otavalo campesino!  The maize will be dried and ground into flour or stored and roasted slowly on ceramic plates to make tostado.


   Preparing the Fields                              

  The Harvest of Maize in Otavalo                            

  The Culture of Maize in Otavalo w/ Sr. Hernan Castro                           

  The Culture of Maize in Otavalo w/ Sr. Hernan Castro                            

  The Culture of Maize in Otavalo w/ Sr. Hernan Castro                                                                        
My present OtavaloVideos project is a collaboration with Sr. Hernan Castro, Otavalan historian.   We have been led to the site of a sacred temple by several “ruminahuis”, the “stone eyes of the mountain”, markers placed by the ancient Otavalos.
My present OtavaloVideos project is a collaboration with Sr. Hernan Castro, Otavalan historian.   During the conquest, Catholic priests destroyed temples overlooking the Otavalo valley.  Little remains as proof except for the calculated placement of ceremonial stones.
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All otavalovideos.com videos are owned and copyrighted 2013 by Frank M. Kiefer.  Reproduction is prohibited.  All rights reserved.
If you have any questions or any videos of the Otavalo area that you wish to contribute, please write to videos@otavalovideos.com
Preparing the Fields

Harvest of Maize

Culture of Maize

Rituals of Maize

Language of Maize

Pyramids of Otavalo

Sacred Site El Lechero

Water Engineers

Ruins of Otavalo 1

Ruins of Otavalo 2

Ruins of Otavalo 3


   The Ancient Ruins of Otavalo w/ Sr. Hernan Castro                             
Only the stones that formed the foundations remain of great temples that overlooked the Otavalo valley.  Sr. Hernan Castro takes us higher and deeper into the complex of ceremonial sites near the Indigenous village of Quinchuqui.
Pyramids of Otavalo 2

Ceremonial Sites

Benefits of Maize

Cultivation

Land Management

Andean Cosmovision

Mirrors of the Sky

Evolution of Maize

Ceremonial Sites 2

To be a Calcique

En Busca del Ruminahu

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